- Traditional knowledge (TK) is integral to the identity of most local communities.
- Traditional Knowledge is a key constituent of a community’s social and physical environment and, as such, its preservation is of paramount importance
- To protect the ancient and Traditional Knowledge of the country from exploitation through bio-piracy and unethical patents.
- In India, the rich endowment of Traditional Knowledge and biodiversity plays a critical role in health care, culture, food security, identity, religion, environment, trade and development
Traditional Knowledge Digital Library
- The Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) was established in the year 2001.
- The Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) is a collaborative project between the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Department of AYUSH. The same is a home-grown effort to ensure patent offices around the world do not grant patents for applications founded on India’s wealth of age-old Traditional Knowledge.
Digitalization of the traditional medicinal knowledge which is available in public domain in the form of existing literature is related to codified systems of Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Yoga.
- The TKDL is a unique, proprietary database that integrates diverse knowledge systems and languages. It is based on 148 books of prior art relating to Indian systems of medicine, available at a cost of around US$1,000.
- Access to around 3,30,044 Traditional Medicinal Formulations is available in patent compatible format in five international languages under TKDL Access Agreement to 10 Patent Offices, namely EPO, USPTO, JPO, CIPO, UKPTO, IP Australia, IPO, DPMA-German, Chile and Malaysia.
- By using the information technology tools and the Traditional Knowledge Resource Classification System (TKRC), the library has been successful in converting and structuring ancient texts into 34 million A4-sized pages along the lines of a patent application.
- The TDKL is an effective mechanism for defensive protection, facilitating the prior art search and bridging the language barrier.
- The ancient texts have been translated into various languages viz. English, French, German, Japanese and Spanish.
Traditional Knowledge Resource Classification